Jos Buttler made 64 not out, including three sixes, to see England through to 271-8 at stumps after they had crumbled to 226-8.
Rory Burns and Ben Stokes fell after lunch, but Joe Root will start the final session of day one at The Oval on 57 after riding his luck.
Peter Siddle and Tim Paine dropped chances to dismiss Joe Root as England's captain and Rory Burns guided the hosts to 86-1 at lunch.
Australia cricket icon Shane Warne turns 50 on Friday and, to celebrate, we have taken a look at his career highlights using Opta data.
Despite scoring 54 not out and finishing with respectable bowling figures at Old Trafford, Mitchell Starc has been dropped by Australia.
England have a good recent Test record at The Oval and they will need another win in London to avoid a home Ashes series defeat.
Travis Head has been left out of the Australia team for the final Ashes Test at The Oval as Mitchell Marsh gets his chance.
England have dropped out-of-form Jason Roy for the final Ashes Test, but Joe Root has no doubt the batsman can force his way back in.
England have dropped Jason Roy for the final Ashes Test, with Sam Curran coming in alongside Chris Woakes, who has replaced Craig Overton.
After the Miami Dolphins' dismal opening-day showing, we take a look at some of the worst starts from across the world of sport.